perspectives

1) “… the more cultured the bourgeois state, the more subtly it lied when declaring that schools could stand above politics and serve society as a whole.
In fact the schools were turned into nothing but an instrument of the class rule of the bourgeoisie. They were thoroughly imbued with the bourgeois caste spirit. Their purpose was to supply the capitalists with obedient lackeys and able workers. The war has shown that the marvels of modern technology are being used as a means of exterminating millions of workers and creating fabulous profits for the capitalists who are making fortunes out of the war. The war has been internally undermined, for we have exposed their lies by countering them with the truth. We say that our work in the sphere of education is part of the struggle for overthrowing the bourgeoisie. We publicly declare that education divorced from life and politics is lies and hypocrisy. What was the meaning of the sabotage resorted to by the best educated representatives of the old bourgeois culture? This sabotage showed better than any agitator, better than all our speeches, better than thousands of pamphlets that these people regard learning as their monopoly and have turned it into an instrument of their rule over the so-called common people. They used their education to frustrate the work of socialist construction, and came out openly against the working people.”
 1. strongly disagree

 2. disagree

 3. neither agree or disagree

 4. agree

 5. strongly agree

 
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2. opening ed doors1   
  2) Victor Hugo said, “He who opens a school door, closes a prison.” It’s a privileged obligation we have to “open education doors.” Every child, of every ability, is to be cherished and loved and taught. Every child provides this world hope. They are the most beautiful ingredient in our sometimes muddied up world. I am committed to our children and their education. Stepping through “the door” is about more than passing a standardized test. We need kids prepared to pass life’s tests–like getting a job and valuing a strong work ethic. Our Three-year Education Plan invests more than a billion dollars each year. We must forward-fund education, letting schools plan ahead. We must stop pink-slipping teachers, and then struggle to recruit and retain them the next year.

 1. strongly disagree

 2. disagree

 3. neither agree or disagree

 4. agree

 5. strongly agree

 
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3. global economy   
  3) “At this defining moment in our history, preparing our children to compete in the global economy is one of the most urgent challenges we face. We need to stop paying lip service to public education, and start holding communities, administrators, teachers, parents and students accountable. We will prepare the next generation for success in college and the workforce, ensuring that American children lead the world once again in creativity and achievement.”

 1. strongly disagree

 2. disagree

 3. neither agree or disagree

 4. agree

 5. strongly agree

 
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4. education to discriminate between good and bad   
  4) Character cannot be built with mortar and stone. It cannot be built by hands other than your own.
An education which does not teach us to discriminate between good and bad, to assimilate the one and eschew the other, is a misnomer.
Education should be so revolutionized as to answer the wants of the poorest villager, instead of answering those of an imperial exploiter.
Education in the understanding of citizenship is a short-term affair if we are honest and earnest.
Basic education links the children, whether of cities or the villages, to all that is best and lasting in India.
Is not education the art of drawing out full manhood of the children under training?
Literacy in itself is no education.
Literacy is not the end of education nor even the beginning.
Literacy education should follow the education of the hand-the one gift that visibly distinguishes man from beast.
Real education has to draw out the best from the boys and girls to be educated.
True education must correspond to the surrounding circumstances or it is not a healthy growth.
What is really needed to make democracy function is not knowledge of facts, but right education.
National education to be truly national must reflect the national condition for the time being.
The function of Nayee-Talim is not to teach an occupation, but through it to develop the whole man.
I believe that religious education must be the sole concern of religious associations.
By education I mean an all-round drawing out of the best in the child and man-body, mind and spirit.
By spiritual training I mean education of the heart.
Experience gained in two schools under my control has taught me that punishment does not purify, if anything, it hardens children.
I consider writing as a fine art. We kill it by imposing the alphabet on little children and making it the beginning of learning.
I do regard spinning and weaving as the necessary part of any national system of education.
The aim of university education should be to turn out true servants of the people who will live and die for the country’s freedom.
A balanced intellect presupposes a harmonious growth of body, mind and soul.
Love requires that true education should be easily accessible to all and should be of use to every villager in this daily life.
The notion of education through handicrafts rises from the contemplation of truth and love permeating life’s activities.
The fees that you pay do not cover even a fraction of the amount that is spent on your education from the public exchanger.
Persistent questioning and healthy inquisitiveness are the first requisite for acquiring learning of any kind.
If we want to impart education best suited to the needs of the villagers, we should take the Vidyapith to the villages.
In a democratic scheme, money invested in the promotion of learning gives a tenfold return to the people even as a seed sown in good soil returns a luxuriant crop.
All education in a country has got to be demonstrably in promotion of the progress of the country in which it is given.
The schools and colleges are really a factory for turning out clerks for Government.
The canker has so eaten into the society that in many cases the only meaning of education is a knowledge of English.
The emphasis laid on the principle of spending every minute of one’s life usefully is the best education for citizenship
 1. strongly disagree

 2. disagree

 3. neither agree or disagree

 4. agree

 5. strongly agree

 
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5. living environment   
  5) “The environment must be rich in motives which lend interest to activity and invite the child to conduct his own experiences.”
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“The things he sees are not just remembered; they form a part of his soul.”
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“Children are human beings to whom respect is due, superior to us by reason of their innocence and of the greater possibilities of their future.”
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“It is the child who makes the man, and no man exists who was not made by the child he once was.”
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“When dealing with children there is greater need for observing than of probing”
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“It is true that we cannot make a genius. We can only give to teach child the chance to fulfil his potential possibilities.”
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“Little children, from the moment they are weaned, are making their way toward independence.”
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“Never help a child with a task at which he feels he can succeed.”
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“The child is both a hope and a promise for mankind.”
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“Education is a natural process carried out by the child and is not acquired by listening to words but by experiences in the environment.”
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“The first essential for the child’s development is concentration. The child who concentrates is immensely happy.”
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“Respect all the reasonable forms of activity in which the child engages and try to understand them.”
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“Plainly, the environment must be a living one, directed by a higher intelligence, arranged by an adult who is prepared for his mission.”
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 1. strongly disagree

 2. disagree

 3. neither agree or disagree

 4. agree

 5. strongly agree

 
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6. improving education   
  6) “Improving education seldom takes the form of improving teaching. It is no doubt important to find better teachers, build more and better schools, teach less of what is not needed, bring what must be taught up to date, and reach more students through various forms of mass media. But by 1984, we should hope, teaching itself will also have been improved. The experimental analysis of behaviour, human and animal, has uncovered facts about learning and teaching which were not available when current methods were devised and which should make it possible to improve education in the plain sense of teaching more in the same time with the same effort. As a result more students should be taught, and each should be taught more and taught it more thoroughly. Each student should have a greater choice of programmes and should be able to pursue any one of them more successfully.”

 1. strongly disagree

 2. disagree

 3. neither agree or disagree

 4. agree

 5. strongly agree

 
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7. check students understanding   
  7) To say that you have taught when students haven’t learned is to say you have sold when no one has bought. But how can you know that students have learned without spending hours correcting tests and papers? . . . check students understanding while you are teaching (not at 10 o’clock at night when you’re correcting papers) so you don’t move on with unlearned material that can accumulate like a snowball and eventually engulf the student in confusion and despair.

 1. strongly disagree

 2. disagree

 3. neither agree or disagree

 4. agree

 5. strongly agree

 
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8. dissatisfied with knowledge   
  8) Only through education does one come to be dissatisfied with his own knowledge, and only through teaching others does one come to realize the uncomfortable inadequacy of his knowledge. Being dissatisfied with his own knowledge, one then realizes that the trouble lies with himself, and realizing the uncomfortable inadequacy of his knowledge one then feels stimulated to improve himself. Therefore, it is said, “the processes of teaching and learning stimulate one another.”

 1. strongly disagree

 2. disagree

 3. neither agree or disagree

 4. agree

 5. strongly agree

 
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9. a nation at risk   
  9) All, regardless of race or class or economic status, are entitled to a fair chance and to the tools for developing their individual powers of mind and spirit to the utmost. This promise means that all children by virtue of their own efforts, competently guided, can hope to attain the mature and informed judgement needed to secure gainful employment, and to manage their own lives, thereby serving not only their own interests but also the progress of society itself.
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Our Nation is at risk. Our once unchallenged preeminence in commerce, industry, science, and technological innovation is being overtaken by competitors throughout the world. This report is concerned with only one of the many causes and dimensions of the problem, but it is the one that undergirds American prosperity, security, and civility. We report to the American people that while we can take justifiable pride in what our schools and colleges have historically accomplished and contributed to the United States and the well-being of its people, the educational foundations of our society are presently being eroded by a rising tide of mediocrity that threatens our very future as a Nation and a people. What was unimaginable a generation ago has begun to occur–others are matching and surpassing our educational attainments.
If an unfriendly foreign power had attempted to impose on America the mediocre educational performance that exists today, we might well have viewed it as an act of war. As it stands, we have allowed this to happen to ourselves. We have even squandered the gains in student achievement made in the wake of the Sputnik challenge. Moreover, we have dismantled essential support systems which helped make those gains possible. We have, in effect, been committing an act of unthinking, unilateral educational disarmament.
Our society and its educational institutions seem to have lost sight of the basic purposes of schooling, and of the high expectations and disciplined effort needed to attain them.
 1. strongly disagree

 2. disagree

 3. neither agree or disagree

 4. agree

 5. strongly agree

 
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10. pedagogic creed   
  I believe that the only true education comes through the stimulation of the child’s powers by the demands of the social situations in which he finds himself. Through these demands he is stimulated to act as a member of a unity, to emerge from his original narrowness of action and feeling and to conceive of himself from the standpoint of the welfare of the group to which he belongs. Through the responses which others make to his own activities he comes to know what these mean in social terms. The value which they have is reflected back into them. For instance, through the response which is made to the child’s instinctive babblings the child comes to know what those babblings mean; they are transformed into articulate language and thus the child is introduced into the consolidated wealth of ideas and emotions which are now summed up in language.

 1. strongly disagree

 2. disagree

 3. neither agree or disagree

 4. agree

 5. strongly agree

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